United States Fleet Forces Command
The United States Fleet Forces Command (USFF) is a service component command of the United States Navy that provides naval forces to a wide variety of U.S. forces. The naval resources may be allocated to Combatant Commanders such as United States Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. Originally formed as United States Atlantic Fleet (USLANTFLT) in 1906, it has been an integral part of the defense of the United States of America since the early 20th century. In 2002, the Fleet comprised over 118,000 Navy and Marine Corps personnel serving on 186 ships and in 1,300 aircraft, with an area of responsibility ranging over most of the Atlantic Ocean from the North Pole to the South Pole, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the waters of the Pacific Ocean along the coasts of Central and South America (as far west as the Galapagos Islands). The command is based at Naval Support Activity Hampton Roads in Norfolk, Virginia and is the navy's service component to U.S. Northern Command and is a supporting command under the U.S. Strategic Command.
The command's mission is to organize, man, train, and equip Naval Forces for assignment to Unified Command Combatant commanders; to deter, detect, and defend against homeland maritime threats; and to articulate Fleet warfighting and readiness requirements to the Chief of Naval Operations.
The Atlantic Fleet was established by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906, at the same time as the Pacific Fleet, as protection for new bases in the Caribbean acquired as a result of the Spanish–American War. The Fleet was a combination of the North Atlantic Fleet and the South Atlantic Squadron.
The first commander of the fleet was Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans, who hoisted his flag in the battleship USS?Maine?(BB-10) on 1 January 1906. The following year, he took his 16 battleships, now dubbed the Great White Fleet, on a round-the-world cruise that lasted until 1909, a goodwill tour that also served the purpose of advertising the United States' naval strength and reach to all other nations of the globe.
In January 1913 the fleet consisted of six first-line dafabet888手机版登录, a torpedo flotilla, submarines, and fleet auxiliaries. The fleet was under the command of Rear Admiral Hugo Osterhaus.
The First Division, under Rear Admiral Bradley A. Fiske, consisted of USS?Florida?(BB-30) (flag), USS?Delaware?(BB-28), and USS?North Dakota?(BB-29).
The Second Division, under Rear Admiral Nathaniel R. Usher with his flag aboard the USS?Vermont?(BB-20), consisted of USS?Louisiana?(BB-19), USS?Michigan?(BB-27), USS?New Hampshire?(BB-25), and USS?South Carolina?(BB-26).
The Third Division, under Rear Admiral Cameron McR. Winslow, comprised USS?Virginia?(BB-13) (flag), USS?Georgia?(BB-15), USS?New Jersey?(BB-16), USS?Rhode Island?(BB-17), and USS?Nebraska?(BB-14).
The Fourth Division, under Rear Admiral Frank F. Fletcher, consisted of the USS?Minnesota?(BB-22), USS?Connecticut?(BB-18), USS?Ohio?(BB-12), USS?Idaho?(BB-24), and USS?Kansas?(BB-21). (See United States occupation of Veracruz).